LEARN THE 35 WORDS
I WANT SOMETHING
I WANT TO FIND SOMETHING
I WANT TO BUY SOMETHING
I WANTED TO SPEAK WELSH
SOME OF THE 35 KEY WORDS
20 one (1) un
pronounced: een (actually, French une)
21 or neu
22 please os gwelwch yn dda
pronounced: oss-gwel-ookh un thaa
23 small bychan
24 station gorsaf
police station: gorsaf heddlu train station: gorsaf tren, bus station: gorsaf bws
25 thank you diolch
26 that one hwna
27 the y
pronounced: uh before a consonant
pronounced: ur before a vowel
e.g. uh gorsav, ur ath-lan-va
the station the exit
28 this (this one) hwn
pronounced: hoon (as in English ‘foot’)
29 ticket tocyn
AND HERE ARE SOME PHRASES FROM THE BOOK
To help with your pronunciation, the following is an extract from the book
ch is pronounced as in the Scottish word loch, which we have written as kh in phonetic parts.
ll is pronounced ‘thl’ as in no English word but attempt ‘thl’. i.e. ‘Llanelly’ is pronounced ‘Thlanethly’and ‘allan’ is pronounced ‘athlan’.
u is pronounced ‘ee’ is in the English word ‘tee’ and that is as near as most English speakers will get.
And the following are various extracts from the different chapters, just to give you a flavour.
There is also coffee (coffi), pronounced ko-fee.
If you want black coffee, the Welsh say ‘coffe black’ … coffi du. (pronounced dee)
and for white coffee, they say ‘coffee white’ …
coffi gwyn. (pronounced goo-in) oo as in ‘foot’.
Rydw i eisiau un coffi du. (een ko-fee dee)
I want one black coffee.
with sugar gyda siwgr (pronounced guh-da shugar)
with milk gyda llaeth (guh-da thly-th) th as in ‘think’.
without caffeine heb caffein (heb ka-feen) coffi heb ka-feen
And to top it off and make it sound even more polite, we add the words for ‘please’ - os gwelwch yn dda.
Rydw i eisiau un coffi du, os gwelwch yn dda.
I want one black coffee, please.
lle mae’r gwesty? Where is the hotel?
(goo-est-ee or gwesty)
Lle mae tacsi? Where is a taxi?
Oys na tacsi gerllaw?
is there a taxi nearby?
Oys na fferyllfa gerllaw?
Oys na fer-uh-thl-va ger-thla-oo?
is there a pharmacy nearby?
Lle mae’r toiledau? (toy-led-eye) Where are the toilets?
Lle mae’r toiled? Where is the toilet?
Lle mae’r toiledau, os gwelwch yn dda?
Where are the toilets, please?
Anyone who speaks fluent Welsh will tell you that the above sentences are basic. But they will work! That’s the main thing.
You have the option of standing in the town square speaking English like tourists do, or you can say something in Welsh that is not grammatically perfect, but gets you what you want, pleases the local Welsh people, and makes your holiday fun. It’s your choice!